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Tet is a vital and popular holiday and festival in Vietnam which is around late January or early February, depends upon each year. It’s also a celebration to a family event reunions and giving up on the troubles in history year and dreaming about an improved upcoming year. This practice is becoming sacred and secular and, therefore, regardless of where they’re or no matter the circumstances, family members find methods to get back to meet their family.
Vietnamese consider Tet could be the national holiday that can last for 72 hrs. However, used it may be longer and separated into three periods, before New Year’s Eve, New Year’s Eve, as well as the New Year. All of these phases consist of activities and customs are celebrated in Vietnam.
Before New Year’s Eve is a period begins a couple of weeks ahead of the actual celebration. There are many things to do such as neat and decorate the houses, try and pay all debts or everything borrowed before Tet, buy fresh clothes and presents for the relatives…
The overall atmosphere before Tet influences bustle of shopping, decorating your home, cooking traditional Tet food and expecting relatives to come back home. These days, the streets and finance industry is brimming with people must be large amount of commercial activity will cease during the celebrations; along with Red, symbolizing good luck and happiness is viewed everywhere.
To brighten the house, Vietnamese people often display Ochna integerrima, peach flower, kumquat tree…inside the living room determined by locality. However, some individuals also decorate their properties with bonsai and flower plants including chrysanthemum, marigold symbolizing longevity, in Southern Vietnam and paper white flower, lavender, in Northern Vietnam.
Preparing food plays an important role in Tet celebration. Each family cooks special holiday foods showing the significance of food in its celebration. Many of the meals is also eaten year-round, while other dishes are just eaten during Tet. Also, some of the meals is vegetarian as it is often believed to be good luck to consume vegetarian on Tet. Some traditional foods on Tet are sticky rice (Banh chung), watermelon seeds (Hat dua), pickled onion and pickled cabbage (Dua Hanh), jam…Preparations of those foods can be extensive.
A number of worship rituals also exist in now. As the legend goes, annually on December 23 from the lunar calendar, your kitchen God needs a ride on the carp on the Heavenly Palace to generate a directory the affairs in the household on earth then returns on December 30 to welcome the New Spring. So Vietnamese people often prepare an altar incorporate incense, flowers, fruits, and foods to state farewell the Kitchen God. Sticky rice and salt may also be offered within the streets to the hungry ghosts who may be wandering in the neighborhood.
These Tet preparations often finish before New Year’s Eve. It’s the comfortable and fascinating here we are at everyone when finishing Tet preparation, paying all debts or everything borrowed before Tet. It’s also the time all members in family gather to enjoy atmosphere of family reunion including deceased ancestors. Vietnamese feel that their deceased ancestors will look at the family for that holiday through worship of inviting the Ancestors. In order that they make a sumptuous meal to welcome back the ancestors using a worship altar contain flowers, fruits, candles, incense sticks and foods. Towards the end with the ritual, they’ll dutifully burn beautifully decorated paper tunics and clothes and also symbolic paper money – things that our ancestors will need in Heaven.
In the New Year’s Eve, Vietnamese people often prepare the closely family dinner, celebrate New Year’s Eve worship (Cung giao thua) and wait for sacred moment from the passage from your old on the New Year by viewing sparkling firework.
The beginning of Tet starts around the first day’s the lunar month. Traditionally, in the early morning of the first day, Buddhists head to their most favorite pagoda; the Catholics check out a pre-midnight mass to hope for happiness, prosperity for their family from the New Year. There is also a tradition called "mung tuoi" (happy new year) in the north and "li xi" in the south. Usually, children wear their new clothes and provide their elders the traditional Tet greetings before receiving a red envelope.
Vietnamese people believe that the 1st person involves their homes around the New Year Day, who’s called the first-foot is vital. They are going to bring best of luck or misfortune for the New Year, so people usually choose who’ll be their first – foot.
These days, people try to avoid arguments, or saying any bad things. Sweeping is taboo, since it symbolizes sweeping the luck away. It is also taboo for everyone who enjoyed a recent decrease of a relative to check out someone else during Tet.
During subsequent days, people visit relatives. Traditionally but not strictly, the 2nd day of Tet is normally reserved for friends, whilst the third day is for teachers, who command respect in Vietnam.
Vietnamese Tet has a number of original practices with customs and entertainment who have distinct Vietnamese cultural characteristics. Though being around the globe, Vietnamese people always remember and make these customs on Tet holiday. Within the framework want to know ,, a number of customs and practices are presented so that readers can better understand the traditional Tet of Vietnam.
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